布拉格 ——

The Year Ahead 2018

The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

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去年的圣诞节,刘晓波,作为中国最为知名的人权活动人士,作家和大学教授,被宣判入狱 11 年。刘先生是 08 宪章主要起草人之一, 08 宪章是受到 77 宪章的启发鼓舞而发起的,目的是呼吁中国政府兑现对宪法和法律的承诺,要求政府官员的公开选举,宗教自由和废除“颠覆国家罪”等。

凭着对中国未来大胆和明确的思考,刘晓波应该由此获得 2010 年的诺贝尔和平奖。我们基于以下两个理由来说明为什么他可以获得如此尊贵的奖项。

首先也是最为重要的一点,他捍卫了诺贝尔和平奖得主的传统,也就是对人权不懈的追求。先前的得主,例如马丁 · 路德 · 金,列赫 - 瓦文萨,昂山素姬的获奖就是这样很好的例子。

我们认为刘晓波和他的同事在 2008 12 月写下的理念是普世和永恒的价值。这些理念 —— 对人权和人类尊严的尊重,公民要求自己政府保证自身的权利 —— 代表着人类最高的精神。

如果诺贝尔委员会承认了刘晓波在推广这些理念上的勇气和牺牲,这不仅可以引起国际社会对刘晓波 11 年刑期的关注,同时也会在中国国内扩大普世价值和人权思想的影响力,这也是刘晓波一直奋斗的方向。

第二,这也是诺贝尔和平奖的发起人阿尔弗雷德 · 诺贝尔设立此奖项的初衷。为了推广中国的人权,政治改革和民主化进程,刘先生对宣扬自由博爱价值作出了巨大的贡献,这也是 100 年前的诺贝尔一直推动的思想。

当然,当今世界,民主化不一定是最好的制度,但它加速了公众在外交和国内事务等关键问题上全面而激烈的讨论。这些积极和广泛的讨论 —— 也是民主政体的标志 —— 可以为政府在国内外事务的决策提供最好的建议。




  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now