一位和平自由的中国先锋

布拉格 ——

去年的圣诞节,刘晓波,作为中国最为知名的人权活动人士,作家和大学教授,被宣判入狱 11 年。刘先生是 08 宪章主要起草人之一, 08 宪章是受到 77 宪章的启发鼓舞而发起的,目的是呼吁中国政府兑现对宪法和法律的承诺,要求政府官员的公开选举,宗教自由和废除“颠覆国家罪”等。

凭着对中国未来大胆和明确的思考,刘晓波应该由此获得 2010 年的诺贝尔和平奖。我们基于以下两个理由来说明为什么他可以获得如此尊贵的奖项。

首先也是最为重要的一点,他捍卫了诺贝尔和平奖得主的传统,也就是对人权不懈的追求。先前的得主,例如马丁 · 路德 · 金,列赫 - 瓦文萨,昂山素姬的获奖就是这样很好的例子。

我们认为刘晓波和他的同事在 2008 12 月写下的理念是普世和永恒的价值。这些理念 —— 对人权和人类尊严的尊重,公民要求自己政府保证自身的权利 —— 代表着人类最高的精神。

如果诺贝尔委员会承认了刘晓波在推广这些理念上的勇气和牺牲,这不仅可以引起国际社会对刘晓波 11 年刑期的关注,同时也会在中国国内扩大普世价值和人权思想的影响力,这也是刘晓波一直奋斗的方向。

The World’s Opinion Page

Help support Project Syndicate’s mission

subscribe now

第二,这也是诺贝尔和平奖的发起人阿尔弗雷德 · 诺贝尔设立此奖项的初衷。为了推广中国的人权,政治改革和民主化进程,刘先生对宣扬自由博爱价值作出了巨大的贡献,这也是 100 年前的诺贝尔一直推动的思想。

当然,当今世界,民主化不一定是最好的制度,但它加速了公众在外交和国内事务等关键问题上全面而激烈的讨论。这些积极和广泛的讨论 —— 也是民主政体的标志 —— 可以为政府在国内外事务的决策提供最好的建议。

刘先生一直致力推动中国的民主,受益者当然是中国人民。不过,他的勇气和榜样同样可以对世界人民有好处,因为中国的民主化可以加速中国在人权社会团体,独立媒体和公民通过投票来表达自身观点的监督下,积极参与国际事务。

这就是我们认为的两个理由。如果刘晓波可以获得这个最高的荣誉,一方面来说,评委会再一次表述了人权和民主的重要性,另一方面,也确定了世界和平和国际团结的重要性。

刘先生这么重的刑期说明了中共当局的意图:杀鸡儆猴,目的是威慑其他可能跟随他的人们。我们相信,刘先生的榜样作用也需要我们榜样性的回应。将诺贝尔和平奖授予他就是对他勇气最好的奖励。

http://prosyn.org/YNb7Y7H/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.