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思考民主国家政府预算赤字的最准确的框架由意大利学者阿尔贝托·阿莱西纳(Alberto Alesina)和圭多·塔贝里尼(Guido Tabellini),以及几乎同时的两位瑞典人托尔斯腾·佩尔森(Torsten Persson)和拉尔斯·斯文森(Lars Svensson)在20世纪 80年代末提出。他们的方法在细节上有些许不同,但基本思想是一致的:你在有能力的时候借钱给你的朋友。如果后继乏钱,那么轮到反对党上台执政时,呃,一切都太糟糕了。

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