pedestrian bridge in detroit Kenneth Raymond/Getty Images

Eerst checks en balances, dan pas wegen en bruggen

WASHINGTON, DC – Tijdens de campagne voor de Amerikaanse presidentsverkiezingen van 2016 waren Hillary Clinton en Donald Trump het erover eens dat de Amerikaanse economie te maken heeft met een gebrekkige infrastructuur. Beide kandidaten riepen vervolgens op tot ruimere investeringen om het publieke kapitaal van het land te renoveren en te verbeteren. Nu de regering-Trump haar eerste begrotingsschets aan het voorbereiden is, zullen initiatieven op dit terrein een centraal aandachtspunt zijn.

De Verenigde Staten zijn niet het enige land dat hiermee kampt. Infrastructuurgaten zijn zelfs een nog dringender probleem in de rest van de wereld. Andere geavanceerde economieën moeten eveneens de kwakkelende investeringen nieuw leven inblazen, en opkomende economieën moeten zich voorbereiden op bevolkingsgroei, toegenomen consumptie en een hogere vraag naar vervoersmogelijkheden.

Initiatieven die in de nasleep van de mondiale financiële crisis van 2008 zijn genomen, beginnen nu vruchten af te werpen. In de Europese Unie heeft het Juncker Plan – dat gebruik maakt van EU-fondsen om te helpen riskantere en vernieuwender projecten te financieren – ten doel om tussen 2016 en 2018 ruim $300 mrd aan infrastructuurinvesteringen te genereren.

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