pedestrian bridge in detroit Kenneth Raymond/Getty Images

Сначала механизмы контроля затем дороги и мосты

ВАШИНГТОН – На Американских президентских выборах 2016 года, Хиллари Клинтон и Дональд Трамп согласились с тем, что экономика США страдает от ветхой инфраструктуры, и оба призвали к увеличению объема инвестиций в реконструкцию и модернизацию основного общественного капитала страны. Сейчас, когда администрация Трампа готовит наброски своего первого бюджета, ее инициативы в этой области привлекут основное внимание.

Соединенные Штаты в этом плане не одиноки. В действительности, в остальном мире, пробелы в инфраструктуре являются еще более актуальной проблемой. Другим странам с развитой экономикой, также необходимо возродить умирающее инвестирование, а странам с развивающейся экономикой необходимо подготовиться к росту населения, увеличению потребления и повышению спроса на транспортные расходы.

Инициативы, принятые после глобального финансового кризиса 2008 года, начинают продвигать инвестирование в инфраструктуру. В Европейском Союзе, план Юнкера – который опирается на средства ЕС, в целях содействия финансированию рискованных и более инновационных проектов – ставит перед собой задачу направить на инвестиции более $300 млрд между 2016 и 2018 годом.

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