activists in ukraine Kirill Kudryavtsev/Getty Images

Возобновление репрессии

БЕРЛИН – Правительства многих стран мира принимают драконовские меры для подавления организаций гражданского общества – от запретительных законов и бюрократических придирок до чёрного пиара, цензуры и откровенных репрессий со стороны служб безопасности или полиции. Любыми средствами власти стремятся помешать работе политических, социальных и экологических активистов с решимостью, не виданной со времен падения коммунизма в Европе четверть века назад.

Безусловно, чтобы оправдать репрессии неправительственных некоммерческих организаций (НКО) и других групп гражданского общества, правительства ссылаются на разные причины, на угрозу безопасности, в частности терроризм, ставший сейчас самой актуальной проблемой. Но реальность такова, что угрозы безопасности (которые вполне могут быть реальными) не являются оправданием для огульных подозрений, которые власти используют в качестве предлога, чтобы заставить замолчать или запретить независимые организации.

Эта тревожная тенденция, по всей видимости, не мимолетное явление, а признак фундаментальных изменений в международной геополитике. Одним из важнейших среди них является растущий акцент на “суверенность” в развивающихся странах – от Египта до Таиланда.

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