Голодный миллиард

КОПЕНГАГЕН – Проблема голода незаметно ускользнула из сознания стран богатого мира. Телевизионные образы детей третьего мира с опухшими животами больше не шокируют зрителей. Опросы общественного мнения показывают, что развитые страны считают сегодня самыми большими мировыми проблемами терроризм и изменение климата. 

Тем временем, в этом году недоедание матерей и их малых детей заберет 3,5 миллионов жизней. Мировые запасы продовольствия находятся на самом низком уровне за всю историю. Голодные бунты произошли в восточной Африке и южной Азии. Программа ООН по уменьшению вдвое количества голодающих людей к 2015 году реализуется удручающе медленными темпами. Больше других страдает около миллиарда людей, которые выживают менее чем за доллар в день.

Национальные проблемы и личные трагедии идут рука об руку. Сокращение продолжительности жизни приводит к меньшей экономической производительности и прибыли. Голод делает людей более восприимчивыми к болезням, что требует больше затрат на здравоохранение. Люди, которые переживают недоедание, становятся менее продуктивными; снижение физической и умственной деятельности приводит к тому, что дети хуже учатся.

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