African woman Florian Plaucheur/AFP/Getty Images

Las mujeres en la economía verde

LAGOS/ESTOCOLMO – En Ghana, un grupo de emprendedores formado por mujeres y jóvenes arma bicicletas con el material más improbable: bambú. Diez agricultores cultivan el bambú, y veinticinco armadores lo convierten en bicicletas ecológicas que pueden usarse en las desparejas calles de Ghana o exportarse al extranjero. Bernice Dapaah, fundadora y directora ejecutiva de Ghana Bamboo Bikes, planea construir en breve dos fábricas nuevas, con lo que creará cincuenta puestos de trabajo más en comunidades de alto desempleo.

Ghana Bamboo Bikes es sólo un ejemplo del importante papel que las mujeres pueden desempeñar en la transición a un modelo sostenible de crecimiento económico y desarrollo. Pero para asegurarnos un futuro próspero en un planeta sano, es necesario sumar más ejemplos como este. El mundo necesita más mujeres que, al mando de empresas o en la formulación de políticas públicas, lideren la lucha contra el cambio climático y guíen la transformación hacia la sostenibilidad.

Cuantas más mujeres trabajan, más crecimiento económico. Según el Foro Económico Mundial, el aumento de la igualdad de género (y el consiguiente aumento de uso del capital humano) se correlaciona positivamente con el PIB per cápita, la competitividad y el desarrollo humano. Desaprovechar ese capital tiene el efecto opuesto: el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo informa que el costo anual promedio de la desigualdad de género sólo en África subsahariana (por poner un ejemplo) asciende a 95 000 millones de dólares (el 6% del PIB).

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