pregnant woman Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket/Getty Images

Záchrana asijských matek

BANGKOK – S veškerou debatou na téma nadcházejícího “století Asie“ by člověk čekal, že se region se již posunul za hranice toho, co se část považuje za zdravotní výzvy pro chudé země, jako je vysoká míra mateřské úmrtnosti. Realita je však velice odlišná.

V roce 2015 zemřelo napříč asijsko-pacifickým regionem odhadem 85 000 žen na komplikace vztažené k těhotenství a porodu – jde o 28% celkového světového součtu. Až 90% z těchto úmrtí, která byla koncentrována v pouhých 12 zemích, se dalo předejít prostřednictvím kvalitní předporodní, porodní a perinatální péče.

Při absenci takové péče je průměrná míra mateřské úmrtnosti (MMR) v asijsko-pacifickém regionu extrémně vysoká: 127 na 100 000 živých porodů, v porovnání s průměrem v rozvinutých zemích na úrovni 12 na 100 000. 12 zemí s nejvyšším MMR, které převyšuje 100 na 100 000, jsou Afghánistán, Bangladéš, Kambodža, Indie, Indonésie, Laos, Myanmar, Nepál, Pákistán, Papua Nová Guinea, Filipíny a Timor-Leste.

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