Cambiamenti Climatici a Ground Zero

OUAGADOUGOU – Il Burkina Faso si trova nel cuore del Sahel, il che significa che si tratta di uno dei paesi più vulnerabili del mondo per quanto riguarda i cambiamenti climatici. I suoi agricoltori possono sapere poco delle cause fisiche del riscaldamento globale, ma ne conoscono gli effetti - non ultima l’enorme variabilità delle precipitazioni, dalla siccità alle inondazioni, che portano a perdita dei raccolti, erosione dei pascoli e crisi alimentari.

Di conseguenza, da diversi anni il concetto di agricoltura sostenibile va guadagnando terreno, sia a livello internazionale che in Burkina Faso. Il termine appare nei discorsi politici ed è diventato un approccio fondamentale allo sviluppo agricolo mondiale. Infatti, la sostenibilità è ormai una forza trainante del settore agricolo - importante quanto la produttività nei decenni precedenti.

Il concetto di agricoltura sostenibile è indissolubilmente legato a quello di sviluppo sostenibile, definito per la prima volta nel 1987 come un modello di crescita economica, “che soddisfa i bisogni del presente senza compromettere la capacità delle generazioni future di soddisfare i propri bisogni”.

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