Matthias Tunger/Getty Images

Bahaya dari Kepunahan Terencana

HONOLULU –– Sebuah gerakan yang sinis sedang berlangsung untuk mempromosikan teknologi baru, hebat, dan mengganggu yang dikenal sebagai “gene drives” untuk keperluan konservasi. Teknologi ini berbeda dengan modifikasi genetis yang disebut “GMO”; gene drive adalah teknologi radikal baru yang menciptakan “reaksi berantai mutagenik” yang dapat mengubah sistem kehidupan dengan cara yang tidak terbayangkan. 

Gene drive merupakan representasi inovasi rekayasa genetik, biologi sintetik, dan penyuntingan genetis. Teknologi ini mengesampingkan peraturan umum warisan genetis, memastikan bahwa sifat tertentu yang dimasukkan oleh manusia ke dalam DNA suatu organisme dengan menggunakan teknologi penyuntingan genetis, menyebar keseluruh generasi berikutnya dari organisme tersebut, sehingga hal ini mengubah masa depan seluruh spesies.  

Teknologi ini adalah alat biologis dengan kekuatan yang belum pernah ada sebelumnya. Namun, alih-alih meluangkan waktu untuk benar-benar mempertimbangkan masalah etis, ekologi dan sosial terkait teknologi ini, banyak orang yang malah secara agresif mempromosikan teknologi gene drive untuk konservasi. 

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