Economist in a library Sergei Savostyanov/Getty Images

Ekonomie s tváří humanitních věd

CHICAGO – V průzkumu z roku 2006 odpovídali profesoři amerických univerzit na otázku, zda je lepší disponovat znalostmi z řady vědních oborů, nebo jen z jediného. V případě profesorů psychologie vyjádřilo 79% respondentů zápal pro mezioborové poznání a podobně se vyjádřilo 73% sociologů a 68% historiků. Nejméně nadšená skupina? Ekonomové: pouhých 42% respondentů souhlasilo s názorem, že na svět je třeba pohlížet mezioborovým prizmatem. Jeden pozorovatel to komentoval bez obalu: „Ekonomové si opravdu myslí, že se nemusí od nikoho nic učit.“

Ve skutečnosti by ekonomům nesmírně prospělo, kdyby si rozšířili obzory. Protože se ekonomie zabývá lidskými bytostmi, může se od humanitních oborů leccos přiučit. Nejenže by pak její modely mohly být realističtější a predikce přesnější, ale i ekonomická politika by se mohla stát efektivnější a spravedlivější.

Ať už se člověk zabývá otázkou, jak podpořit hospodářský růst v rozmanitých kulturách, morálními otázkami vyvolanými situací, kdy univerzity sledují vlastní zájmy na úkor svých studentů, nebo hluboce osobními otázkami týkajícími se zdravotní péče, manželství a rodin, ekonomické poznatky jsou ve všech těchto případech nezbytné, avšak nikoliv postačující. Budeme-li se zaobírat pouze jimi, budou politiky troskotat a lidé trpět.

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