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Медицинские инновации в странах глобального Юга

ДАККА – Каждый день от предотвратимых и излечимых заболеваний, например диареи и пневмонии, умирают дети, причём на страны развивающегося мира приходится большая часть этих жертв. Совершенно очевидно, что нужно искать инновационные и недорогие решения, которые можно было бы использовать в условиях скудных ресурсов.

Возьмём пневмонию. На её долю приходится 15% всей смертности детей младше 5 лет – это почти миллион детских смертей каждый год. Ключевым компонентом лечения госпитализированных детей с тяжёлой пневмонией является так называемая технология «bubble CPAP» (искусственная вентиляция легких методом поддержания постоянного положительного давления в дыхательных путях с пузырьковым генератором потока): компрессор обеспечивает подачу кислорода пациенту, гарантируя постоянный поток воздуха во время процесса лечения.

В странах развитого мира дыхательная поддержка пузырькового CPAP обеспечивается механическими вентиляторами. Но у механических вентиляторов слишком высокая цена для систем здравоохранения развивающихся стран, поэтому миллионы пациентов в большинстве стран Глобального Юга остаются без доступа к пузырьковым CPAP, способным спасти их жизнь.

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