George Rose/Getty Images

Odpověď přírody na klimatická rizika

LONDÝN – Poblíž mořských břehů žije téměř polovina světové populace – zhruba 3,5 miliardy lidí. Jak bude změna klimatu zhoršovat účinky bouří, záplav a eroze, ohrozí životy a živobytí stamilionů z nich. Nejnovější vydání Zprávy o hodnocení světových rizik Světového ekonomického fóra za vůbec největší jednotlivé riziko co do dopadů na společnosti a ekonomiky po celém světě uvádí právě neschopnost přizpůsobit se vlivům změny klimatu.

Kromě ohrožení životů by si častější a silnější bouře mohly vyžádat mnoho miliard dolarů, v důsledku škod na infrastruktuře a ušlých výnosů v zemědělství, rybářství a cestovním ruchu. Jak si navíc nedávno povšiml časopis Harvard Business Review, s každou novou studií se odhad ceny zvyšuje. Mezinárodní společenství přesto v současnosti na zmírňování rizika vynakládá necelou pětinu toho, co utratí za reakce na přírodní pohromy.

Co se týče klimatického rizika, kapka prevence má cenu láhve léku. Rebecca Scheurerová, ředitelka Globálního centra připravenosti na katastrofy při Červeném kříži, to vystihla: „Utrácíme miliony dolarů na straně reakcí, a přitom kdybychom větší část těchto prostředků využili předem, zachránili bychom víc lidí. Není v tom nic složitého.“

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