United Nations Farouk Batiche/ Stringer

西撒哈拉的未来

马德里—国际政坛充斥着悬而未决的领土纠纷,如中日的东海钓鱼岛之争、亚美尼亚和阿塞拜疆的纳卡地区(Nagorno-Karabakh)的长期纠纷等。但西撒哈拉纠纷常常为人所忽视,尽管我们有很大的可能解决它。

西撒哈拉是一片266,000平方公里的土地,人口600,000,在1975年前一直是西班牙殖民地,现在是联合国所列举的17个为取得最终政治地位的非自治领地中最大的一块。在过去四十年里,该领地一直飘摇不定,摩洛哥和支持独立的波利萨里奥阵线(Polisario Front)都主张对这篇领地的主权。摩洛哥控制了其中的80%左右,波利萨里奥阵线控制了其余20%与阿尔及利亚接壤的地区。

上个月,我访问了摩控西撒哈拉首都拉尤恩(Laayoune)。这是一个充满生机的闪亮城市,脱胎自一个破败的西班牙殖民地前哨站。我来这里是考察OCP集团项目的可持续性。OCP集团是全球领先的磷酸盐生产商,开采着全球大约70%的磷酸盐储备,我是其国际顾问委员会成员。它在西撒哈拉通过其子公司Phosboucraa开展业务。Phosboucraa贡献了OCP大约6%的营业收入和大约1.6%的磷酸盐储备。

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