Women around Lake Chad Jeff Hutchens/Getty Images

La próxima fase de la acción climática

FEZ – El pasado mes de noviembre, mientras la mayor parte del mundo trataba de digerir la idea de que Donald Trump había sido elegido como presidente de Estados Unidos, se celebró en Marrakech, Marruecos la XXII Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el cambio climático (COP22). Estuvieron presentes participantes de todo el mundo, entre ellos 38 jefes de Estado y de Gobierno; dichos participantes se reunieron para elaborar un plan para la implementación del Acuerdo de París sobre el cambio climático del año 2015, cuyo objetivo es limitar el calentamiento global a muy por debajo de dos grados Celsius por encima de los niveles preindustriales. Si bien este fue un importante paso hacia adelante, la situación continúa siendo mucho más compleja – y mucho más políticamente cargada – de la que la mayoría desearía admitir.

La cooperación global que ha surgido últimamente es ciertamente bienvenida. Pero, si bien el trabajo en equipo es fundamental para el éxito, también lo es el reconocimiento de los distintos roles y responsabilidades que tienen los gobiernos en los países industrializados y en aquellos en vías de desarrollo.

Los países industrializados han producido durante mucho tiempo enormes cantidades de emisiones y otros tipos de contaminación, y al mismo tiempo consumen una gran parte de los recursos del mundo – incluyendo 90% del agua del mundo – todo en nombre de su propio desarrollo. Como resultado, estos países industrializados disfrutan ahora de altos niveles de vida y seguridad alimentaria.

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