Hard candy

Плохая ставка на синтетическую биологию

ЛАС-ВЕГАС – Лас-Вегас кажется подходящим местом, для запуска опасной корпоративной авантюры, которая могла бы лишить средств к существованию миллионы мелких фермеров. В начале этого месяца, Международный конгломерат продуктов питания Cargill, выбрал знаменитый Strip Hotel, чтобы представить то, что надеется, будет его следующим продуктом блокбастером: EverSweet, подсластитель сделанный из тех же “сладких компонентов стевии”.

И все же, несмотря на то, что компания Cargill в своих рекламных материалах широко использует стевию, EverSweet не содержит ни одного листа растения. Новый продукт компании Cargill является примером синтетической биологии, видом генной инженерии, которая использует модифицированные организмы в производстве соединений, которые никогда не будут производиться естественным путем. То, что придает EverSweet сладкий вкус, это не стевия; это соединение, полученное из биоинженерных дрожжей.

Синтетическая биология – это высокая технология, но это также потенциально высокий риск. Даже, привлекая миллиардные инвестиции, она является предметом растущей международной озабоченности. Что характерно, компания Cargill не афишировала свое использование спорной технологии; вместо этого, компания описывает продукт EverSweet как “специально созданные пекарские дрожжи”, как если бы этот рецепт варился в течение многих столетий в Баварских деревнях.

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