Gideon Mendel/Getty Images

Беженцы и сельская бедность

РИМ – Эксперты по вопросам развития и органы власти по вполне понятным причинам обращают основное внимание на проблемы миграции в городских зонах и потребности устойчивой урбанизации. Но им не следует терять из вида те радикальные перемены, которые происходят в сельских районах и которые слишком часто игнорируются.

Рост спроса на продовольствие, вызванный увеличением населения и его доходов, открывает предпринимательские возможности для сельских жителей, однако голод и бедность по-прежнему остаются бичом сельских районов в развивающихся странах. Если проблемы развития сельских территорий не начнут привлекать больше внимания, тогда молодёжь продолжит уезжать из сельских районов в поисках лучшей жизни в городах или за рубежом, отказываясь от аграрных профессий.

В прошлом году на Генеральной ассамблее ООН мировые лидеры утвердили «Повестку дня в области устойчивого развития до 2030 года», а также «Цели устойчивого развития» (ЦУР), включающие обязательство «никого не забыть». Кроме того, в условиях, когда количество вынужденных переселенцев в мире достигло в этом году исторического максимума, ООН проведёт 19 сентября саммит для обсуждения этой проблемы.

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