south korea new president Jung Yeon-je/AFP/Getty Images

Южно-Корейская Остполитика Муна

СЕУЛ – Мун Чжэ Ин от Демократической партии Кореи, был только что избран президентом Южной Кореи. В демократической истории страны, это второй переход власти от консерваторов к либералам. Это началось неожиданно в октябре прошлого года, когда разразился коррупционный скандал с участием тогдашнего президента Пак Кын Хе, кульминацией которого стал ее импичмент и отстранение от должности в начале этого года. Хотя отстранение Пак было болезненным, оно также продемонстрировало устойчивость Южнокорейской демократии.

Мун приступит к своим обязанностям в период обострения напряженности с Северной Кореей. Чтобы понять, какого рода политику он будет проводить, необходимо ознакомиться с либеральным внешнеполитическим мышлением в Южной Корее со времен президентства Ким Дэ Чжуна в 1998-2003 годах.

Ким наблюдал, как Холодная Война в Европе подошла к мирному концу, и он хотел довести продолжающуюся конфронтацию своей страны с коммунистическим Севером до аналогичного ненасильственного исхода. Поэтому он преследовал прямое сотрудничество с Северной Кореей, а его “Политика солнечного света” была продолжена его преемником Ро Му Хёном. До того как он скончался в 2009 году, Ро (под которым я служил Министром иностранных дел) был политическим наставником и близким другом Муна.

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