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Os Limites do Crescimento Verde

BERLIM – Nos últimos anos, tem vindo a ganhar força o impulso para a criação de uma “economia verde” que possa libertar o mundo da crise ambiental e económica contínua e assinalar o início de uma nova era de crescimento sustentável. Mas este impulso também tem sido fonte de inesperada controvérsia, com muitos a prever pouco mais do que o actual figurino económico, com uma demão de tinta verde. Será que a reconciliação dos imperativos ambientais e económicos vai ser mais difícil do que pensamos?

Numa palavra, sim. A percepção comummente aceite é que a economia verde permitir-nos-á libertar da nossa dependência relativamente aos combustíveis fósseis, sem sacrificar o crescimento. Muitos defendem que a mudança para uma economia verde poderá mesmo incentivar um novo crescimento. Mas, por muito atraente que seja esta ideia, não é realista, como mostramos no nosso novo livro, Inside the Green Economy.

Na verdade, é possível que uma economia genuinamente “verde” seja próspera. Mas o modelo que prevalece hoje concentra-se em soluções rápidas e fáceis. Além disso, reafirma a primazia dos aspectos económicos, sem conseguir reconhecer a profundidade da transformação necessária.

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