Kenya elephants Erik Jepson/Flickr

Dobré ploty dělají bezpečné druhy

NAIROBI – Africké země jsou často kritizovány za to, že selhávají v péči o životní prostředí. Pozorovatelé často zmiňují ztrátu přirozeného prostředí ve jménu populačního růstu, degradaci země a industrializaci. A pak je zde nejfrekventovanější obvinění ze všech: rostoucí pytlačení ohrožuje druhy, jako jsou sloni či nosorožci.

Nicméně, v Keni je v plném proudu inovativní a rozsáhlý ochranný projekt.“Rhino Ark,” který začal v Aberdareských horách v centrální Keni a byl původně zamýšlen jako ochrana vysoce ohroženého černého nosorožce před pustošením pytláky, je podporován právě těmi lidmi, kteří by mu spíše mohli odporovat: lokální společenství v jedněch z nejproduktivnějších farmářských oblastech země. 

V roce 1998 se ochránci rozhodli, že budou financovat a vystaví elektrifikované oplocení k ochraně oblasti Aberdareského národního parku, který sousedí s drobnými farmami. Plot byl navržen tak, aby zabránil vniknutí lidí a degradaci přírodního prostředí parku. Ochránilo to však i farmáře, jejichž úroda byla pravidelně ničena záškodnickými slony a dalšími divokými zvířaty. Místní farmáři uvítali iniciativu, která ovlivnila rozhodnutí rozšířit oplocení k obklopení celého perimetru Aberdareského parku.

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