Orban and Kaczynski Mikhail Svetlov & Artur Widak/Getty Images

La Internacional Iliberal

VARSOVIA – Durante su primera década al mando de la Unión Soviética, Stalin respaldó la idea de “socialismo en un solo país”, es decir que hasta que las condiciones estuvieran dadas, el socialismo debía limitarse a la URSS. Cuando el primer ministro húngaro Viktor Orbán declaró, en julio de 2014, su intención de crear una “democracia iliberal”, casi todos creyeron que hablaba de “iliberalismo en un solo país”. Ahora, Orbán y Jarosław Kaczyński (líder en Polonia del partido gobernante Ley y Justicia, y titiritero del gobierno sin ocupar cargo alguno), han proclamado una contrarrevolución cuyo objetivo es convertir la Unión Europea en un proyecto iliberal.

Tras una jornada de sonrisas y elogios mutuos durante la conferencia de este año en Krynica, que se presenta a sí misma como un Davos regional, y en la que se designó a Orbán “Hombre del Año”, Kaczyński y Orbán anunciaron su intención de liderar a cien millones de europeos en el intento de rehacer la UE según un modelo nacionalista/religioso. Uno se imagina a Václav Havel (otrora receptor del mismo galardón) revolcándose en la tumba ante el anuncio. Y la ex primera ministra ucraniana Yuliya Tymoshenko (otra galardonada) debe estar muy alarmada: su país está siendo asolado por la Rusia del presidente Vladimir Putin, patriarca del iliberalismo y modelo de rol para Kaczyński y Orbán.

Ambos hombres buscan aprovechar la oportunidad presentada por el referendo del Brexit en el Reino Unido, que demostró que en la UE actual, el modo discursivo preferido de los demócratas iliberales (la mentira y la calumnia) puede ser política y profesionalmente redituable (basta preguntarle al nuevo secretario de asuntos exteriores del RU, Boris Johnson, prominente partidario del Brexit). La combinación de sus respectivas habilidades puede convertir al par Orbán/Kaczyński en una amenaza peor de lo que muchos europeos querrían creer.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/KBFyUmj/es;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now