Lung fish.

Fischerei und nachhaltige Entwicklung

GENF – Es wird erwartet, dass die jetzt eingeführten Ziele Nachhaltiger Entwicklung (ZNE) den Beginn eines neuen Zeitalters der globalen Entwicklung einläuten – ein Zeitalter, das verspricht, im Namen der Menschen, des Planeten, des Wohlstands, des Friedens und der Partnerschaft die Welt zu transformieren. Aber zwischen Versprechen und wirklichen Taten liegt ein Ozean der Unterschiede. Und auch wenn globale Erklärungen wichtig sind, weil sie die Priorität auf Finanzierung setzen und politischen Willen kanalisieren, ist es doch eine Tatsache, dass viele der heutigen Versprechen schon einmal getätigt wurden.

In der Tat hängt der Erfolg der ZNE zu einem großen Teil davon ab, welchen Einfluss sie auf andere internationale Verhandlungen haben, insbesondere auf die komplexesten und umstrittensten. Ein Test dafür könnte ein Ziel sein, für das die Globale Ozeankommission aktiv eintritt: „im Rahmen der nachhaltigen Entwicklung die Ozeane, Meere und maritimen Ressourcen zu schützen und nachhaltig zu nutzen“.

Wenn sich die führenden Politiker im Dezember auf der zehnten WHO-Ministerkonferenz in Nairobi treffen, werden sie die Gelegenheit haben, an der Erfüllung eines der wichtigsten Teile dieses Zieles zu arbeiten: dem Verbot von Subventionen, die zu Überfischung und illegaler, unregistrierter und unregulierter Fischerei führen, und das bis spätestens 2020.

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