Финансирование борьбы с изменением климата

ПАРИЖ – Изменение климата уже наносит разрушительный ущерб всем развивающимся странам мира. Вьетнам сообщил, например, что стихийные бедствия, некоторые из которых усугублены изменением климата, вызвали ежегодные потери, эквивалентные 2% его ВВП. В таких зависимых от сельского хозяйства странах, как Эфиопия, более длительные засухи и более частые наводнения угрожают недостатком средств к существованию и запасов продовольствия.

Поскольку международное сообщество готовится к Конференции ООН по глобальному потеплению в Париже  в декабре, первостепенной задачей становится поиск и направление источников финансирования для борьбы с изменением климата. Такие банки развития, как французское Агентство по вопросам развития (AFD), где я работаю генеральным директором, хорошо подготовлены к участию в этой работе.

Прежде всего следует отметить, что банки развития могут финансировать проекты, которые приносят пользу и развитию экономики и окружающей среде. Сегодня глобальное потепление ‑ жизненно важный фактор, который надо учитывать при планировании любого проекта развития. Например, эффекты изменения климата могут представлять критические угрозы для инфраструктуры – ирригации в сельском хозяйстве, общественному транспорту или почти всем другим проектам. Между тем, повышение доходов – цель любого плана по развитию – почти всегда означает увеличение потребления природных ресурсов и энергии, что приводит к еще большему объему выбросов газов и дальнейшему потеплению.

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