Dollar sign electrifying light in parking lot Donald Iain Smith/Getty Images

新型货币的古老魅力

发自纽黑文——以2009年创设的比特币为开端的加密货币革命宣称自己正在发明一批新型货币。目前已有近2000种加密货币被创造出来,让全球数百万人兴奋不已。那么这种热情究竟是什么原因造成的,为何迄今为止依然未被那些指责这是一场伪革命的警告所抵消呢?

首先要知道重新发明货币的尝试自古有之。正如社会学家薇薇安娜·扎丽泽(Viviana Zelizer)在其著作《金钱的社会意义》中所指出的那样:“尽管人们普遍认为‘一块钱就是一块钱,没什么好说的’,但其实在世界各地人们都在不断创造不同类型的货币。”而许多创新至少在某一段时间内会激起一阵波澜。

作为世界各地的交换媒介,货币的载体虽各不相同,却都同样充满着神秘感。我们倾向于通过它来衡量人们的价值。它似乎有着无穷的含义,却可能也只是围绕消费周期不断流转的纸片而已。所以货币的价值取决于人们对这些纸片的信念和信任,甚至可以称之为信仰。

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