Het einde van het commercieel draagmoederschap?

LONDEN – De mondiale handel in baby's die zijn geboren via commercieel draagmoederschap wordt langzaamaan ingeperkt. India, Nepal, Thailand en Mexico hebben  maatregelen ingevoerd die buitenlanders ervan moeten weerhouden inwoners van deze landen in te huren als draagmoeders. Cambodja en Maleisië zullen dit voorbeeld waarschijnlijk volgen.

In een industrie waarin de conventionele wijsheid lange tijd pogingen van de hand heeft gewezen om “de markt de pas af te snijden,”  is dit een verrassende – en welkome – ontwikkeling. Onkritische voorstanders van biotechnologie hebben de neiging te juichen over het feit dat technologische doorbraken overheidsregulering vaak te snel af zijn; ze betogen dat dit de wetenschap in staat heeft gesteld ongeremd voortgang te boeken. Maar de vastberadenheid van landen, die van oudsher centra van commercieel draagmoederschap zijn geweest, om deze praktijk een halt toe te roepen, onderstreept de naïveteit van dit standpunt.

Het is geen toeval dat de landen die nu maatregelen nemen tegen het commercieel draagmoederschap de landen zijn waarin deze praktijk plaatsvindt. Het argument dat alle betrokkenen – de draagmoeders, de baby's en de opdrachtgevende ouders – van de transactie profiteren heeft de toets der kritiek niet doorstaan.

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