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María Fernanda Espinosa

María Fernanda Espinosa

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María Fernanda Espinosa, a former president of the UN General Assembly, is Executive Director of GWL Voices and Co-Chair of the Debt Relief for a Green and Inclusive Recovery Project.

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  1. The Global South’s Debt Crisis Is Thwarting Climate Ambition
    mfespinosa6_ Sha HantingChina News ServiceVCG via Getty Images_georgieva Sha Hanting/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images
    Free to read

    The Global South’s Debt Crisis Is Thwarting Climate Ambition

    Dec 6, 2023 María Fernanda Espinosa & Rishikesh Ram Bhandary warn that lack of fiscal space in the developing world is impeding progress on the clean-energy transition.

  2. The Debt-Climate Nexus
    mfespinosa5_Sean GallupGetty Images_mia mottley Sean Gallup/Getty Images
    Free to read

    The Debt-Climate Nexus

    Dec 13, 2022 María Fernanda Espinosa, et al. suggest how the developed world can help low- and middle-income countries avoid a liquidity crisis.

  3. Climate Justice Requires Women's Leadership
    chinchilla2_FADEL SENNAAFP via Getty Images_climatechangewoman Fadel Senna/AFP via Getty Images

    Climate Justice Requires Women's Leadership

    Mar 24, 2022 Laura Chinchilla Miranda & María Fernanda Espinosa argue that a carbon-neutral world is possible only if gender equity in policymaking is achieved.

  4. A New Vision for Global Cooperation
    mfespinosa3_Johannes SimonGetty Images_flags Johannes SimonGetty Images

    A New Vision for Global Cooperation

    Oct 22, 2021 María Fernanda Espinosa & Danilo Türk assess the potential of UN Secretary-General António Guterres’s plan for a revitalized multilateralism.

  5. Building an Inclusive, Networked UN
    mfespinosa2_Chris HondrosGetty Images_unitednations Chris Hondros/Getty Images

    Building an Inclusive, Networked UN

    Jun 23, 2021 María Fernanda Espinosa & Danilo Türk call for an overhaul of global governance to ensure the organization’s continued relevance.

  1. frankel160_ NIKOLAY DOYCHINOVAFP via Getty Images_EUpollution Nikolay Doychinov/AFP via Getty Images

    Europe’s Carbon Border Tax Advances the Fight Against Climate Change

    Jeffrey Frankel shows how the European Union’s carbon-price mechanism could encourage other countries to follow suit.
  2. moghalu4_Peter TitmusUCGUniversal Images Group via Getty Images_southafricashipping Peter Titmus/UCG/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

    Africa Can’t Prosper Without Regional Trade

    Kingsley Moghalu argues that the continent has been missing a key ingredient of robust, sustained growth.
  3. krueger75_Kent NishimuraGetty Images_israelprotest Kent Nishimura/Getty Images

    Divestment from Israel Will Not Bring Peace

    Anne O. Krueger argues that meeting protesters' demand would weaken US universities – one of America’s sources of strength.
  4. bp - trade war Photo by Costfoto/NurPhoto via Getty Images

    The US-China Trade War Heats Up

    A spate of new US tariffs on Chinese goods has raised the specter of full economic decoupling between the world’s two largest economies. For many observers, the measures are not only misguided, but also counter-productive, with the potential to undermine economic dynamism, hamper climate action, and trigger geopolitical conflict.

  5. op_rajan4_MANJUNATH KIRANAFP via Getty Images_Indiastartup Manjunath Kiran/AFP via Getty Images

    The Indian Election and the Country’s Economic Future

    Raghuram G. Rajan

    Economically, India today feels like a place of limitless possibilities. But with only a narrow window in which to grow rich before it grows old, the policy decisions it makes today will have an outsize influence on its future prospects.

    worries that the country will squander its massive potential by trying to emulate China's growth strategy.
  6. tagliapietra5_JOHN THYSAFP via Getty Images_eu green deal JOHN THYS/AFP via Getty Images

    How Europe Can Get the Green Deal Done

    Simone Tagliapietra proposes EU-level measures that would help offset the negative distributional effects of climate policy.
  7. fischer216_SERGEI BOBYLYOVPOOLAFP via Getty Images_putinxi Sergei Bobylyov/POOL/AFP via Getty Images

    Reckoning With a New Authoritarian Bloc

    Joschka Fischer considers the implications of a northern Asian alliance that exists primarily to challenge American hegemony.
  8. palacio157_ Thierry MonasseGetty Images_eu flags Thierry Monasse/Getty Images

    Is Europe Too Big for Further Enlargement?

    Ana Palacio warns that even if candidates meet accession criteria, decision-making processes would need to be reformed.
  9. subramanian41_PUNIT PARANJPEAFP via Getty Images_india solar panels PUNIT PARANJPE/AFP via Getty Images

    The Sino-American Trade War Benefits China’s Competitors

    Arvind Subramanian warns that escalating protectionism, while dangerous, could end up helping developing countries like India.

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