La vía a la seguridad alimentaria

ROMA – No hace mucho, iba yo por la carretera en el distrito de Choma meridional (Zambia) para reunirme con Rosemary Pisani, pequeña agricultora y madre de ocho hijos que luchó con grandes dificultades a fin de alimentar a sus hijos antes de ingresar en una cooperativa agrícola para criar cabras. Gracias a la cooperativa y al apoyo de los demás agricultores, ahora tiene un negocio floreciente y todos sus hijos están escolarizados.

Por el camino, me crucé con mujeres que caminaban por el barro camino del mercado con grandes cargamentos de fruta y hortalizas apilados sobre su cabeza. Imaginé lo diferente que sería con la carretera pavimentada y bien mantenida.

En África, las pocas carreteras pavimentadas existentes están con frecuencia cubiertas de baches y conducen a pistas que resultan casi imposibles de recorrer  sin un vehículo apropiado. En las inmediaciones de las comunidades agrícolas, las carreteras desaparecen enteramente, con lo que las zonas rurales, que podrían alimentar a los más de mil millones de personas hambrientas existentes, permanecen aisladas. En el África subsahariana, casi el 70 por ciento de todas las personas que viven en zonas rurales tienen que caminar más de 30 minutos hasta llegar a la carretera bien mantenida más cercana.

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