Побеждая детских убийц

ЖЕНЕВА. Попросите людей назвать две основные причины смерти среди детей, и большинство, скорее всего, назовет малярию и ВИЧ. На самом деле, это пневмония и диарея – «забытые убийцы», – на счету которых больше всего погибших и которые уносят более двух миллионов наиболее уязвимых жизней в год.

Вместе на эти две болезни приходится около 29% всех случаев смерти детей в возрасте до 5 лет. Это более чем в два раза превышает общие показатели для ВИЧ и малярии и составляет практически столько же, как и прочие инфекционные заболевания, травмы и другие постнеонатальные состояния вместе взятые.

Какой бы шокирующей не была статистика, что, пожалуй, еще более удивительно, так это насколько предотвратимы пневмония и диарея – настолько, что было бы вполне реально принять меры, которые к 2025 позволили бы сократить число погибших практически до нуля. Это именно то, к чему мы сейчас стремимся.

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