African woman Florian Plaucheur/AFP/Getty Images

Perempuan di Perekonomian yang Ramah Lingkungan

LAGOS/STOCKHOLM – Di Ghana, sekelompok perempuan pengusaha dan generasi muda membuat sepeda dari materi yang tidak lazim, yaitu bambu. Sepuluh petani menanam bambu, dan 25 orang pengrajin membuat bambu tersebut menjadi sepeda yang ramah lingkungan yang bisa digunakan di jalanan Ghana yang tidak rata atau bisa diekspor keluar negeri. Bernice Dapaah, pendiri dan CEO Ghana Bamboo Bikes, berencana untuk membangun dua pabrik baru dalam waktu dekat, sehingga menambah 50 lapangan kerja lagi di komunitas dengan angka penganguran yang tinggi.

Sepeda Bambu Ghana hanya merupakan satu contoh dari peran besar yang dimainkan perempuan dalam menggerakkan transisi ke perkembangan dan pembangunan ekonomi yang berkelanjutan. Namun kedua hal tersebut semakin perlu dilakukan secara bersamaan jika kita ingin menjamin masa depan yang makmur dan sehat bagi planet ini. Dunia ini memerlukan lebih banyak pemimpin gerakan perubahan iklim perempuan, baik di tingkat pengambil kebijakan atau di dunia usaha, untuk mengarahkan kedua sektor mereka ke arah yang lebih berkelanjutan.

Ketika lebih banyak perempuan yang bekerja, maka perekonomian akan tumbuh. Menurut Forum Ekonomi Dunia, kesetaraan gender yang lebih baik, dimana modal sumber daya manusia dipergunakan dengan lebih baik, berkorelasi positif dengan PDB per kapita, daya saing, dan pembangunan manusia. Namun jika kita menyia-nyiakan modal tersebut, maka dampak sebaliknya akan terjadi: Program Pembangunan Persatuan Bangsa-Bangsa melaporkan bahwa ketidaksetaraan gender mengakibatkan, misalnya saja Sub-Sahara Afrika, harus mengeluarkan rata-rata $95 milyar (atau 6% dari PDB) per tahun.

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