A recently poached rhino carcass The Times/Getty Images

南非的犀牛悖论

约翰内斯堡——今年初,南非宪法法院推翻了一项2009年通过的冻结犀牛角贸易的禁令。动物保护组织因此遭受了毁灭性的打击,他们曾衷心欢迎这项被视为南非与1977年后生效的全球贸易禁令相看齐的举措。

但随着法院的裁决逐渐被人们理解,商业饲养者和动物权利组织面临着一个关键的问题:建立合法的养殖犀牛角市场能否阻止每年导致约1,500头野生犀牛丧命的大面积偷猎?

对南非犀牛业而言,法院的裁决是一道分水岭。全世界最成功的犀牛繁育者约翰·休姆于今年8月举行了该国历史上首次在线犀牛角拍卖活动。他在拍卖网站上认为“人们对犀牛角的需求量很大,而且公开犀牛角贸易有可能满足这种需求,从而防止犀牛被偷猎。”

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