Fish skeleton.

Los nuevos piratas de Somalia

MOGADISCIO – Somalia ha sido bendecida con la línea costera más larga de África continental. Nuestros mares, que se cuentan entre los más productivos del mundo, rebosan de cardúmenes de atunes, marlines, dorados y sardinas. Pero por más de 30 años, esta abundante vida marina ha sido causa y elemento de conflicto, al atraer desde el extranjero buques de pesca ilegales, no declarados y no regulados (INDNR) que saquean nuestras aguas, roban nuestros peces y venden el producto en puertos distantes.

Hace muy pocos años, la invasión de esos buques provocó en Somalia una ola de piratería que le costó a la industria naviera internacional pérdidas por miles de millones de dólares. Cuando los pescadores ilegales huyeron de nuestros mares, los piratas somalíes desviaron su atención a otras naves más lucrativas (por ejemplo, cargueros y petroleros). Pero ahora que la piratería está casi eliminada, los buques de pesca ilegales han vuelto a saquear nuestras aguas, de lo que hay pruebas cada vez más contundentes.

Un nuevo informe de la organización Secure Fisheries, titulado Securing Somali Fisheries [Protección de las pesquerías somalíes], revela nuevos datos satelitales que muestran que los buques INDNR extranjeros ya capturan tres veces más peces que los somalíes. Los ilegales se concentran en los peces más valiosos de nuestros mares y obligan a los pescadores somalíes a competir por otras especies de menor valor.

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