Repenser la faim

ROME – Le monde est confronté à un problème de nutrition. Si de grands progrès ont été accomplis dans la réalisation des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement, avec la réduction de moitié du nombre de personnes sous-alimentées dans les pays en développement, le problème reste omniprésent et complexe. Il ne s’agit pas seulement de fournir plus d’aliments : des stratégies efficaces pour réduire la malnutrition doivent faire en sorte que les individus aient accès aux apports nutritionnels adéquats qui leur permettent de mener une vie saine et productive.

Depuis 1945, la production alimentaire mondiale a triplé et la disponibilité alimentaire a en moyenne augmenté de 40 pour cent par personne. Au cours de la seule décennie écoulée, la production de légumes dans la région Asie-Pacifique, où sont cultivés plus des trois-quarts des légumes dans le monde, a progressé d’un quart.

Mais malgré la progression de l’approvisionnement alimentaire, 805 millions de personnes, dont 791 dans les pays en développement, sont chaque jour en situation de sous-alimentation  chronique. Une proportion importante souffre de la faim de façon saisonnière ou occasionnelle.  Et plus de deux milliards d’êtres humains souffrent de la « famine cachée » - soit un déficit en un ou plusieurs oligo-élements.

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