Oberhausen germany Lukas Schulze/Stringer

خطة مُحافِظة لمكافحة الانحباس الحراري الكوكبي

كمبريدج ــ انضممت مؤخرا إلى عدد من كبار المسؤولين الجمهوريين السابقين الآخرين في اقتراح خطة للحد من انبعاثات ثاني أكسيد الكربون. وتضم المجموعة جيم بيكر، وهنري بولسون، وجورج شولتز ــ وكل منهم كان وزيرا سابقا للخزانة من الحزب الجمهوري ــ فضلا عن جريج مانكيف زميلي في جامعة هارفارد والذي تولى رئاسة مجلس مستشاري الرئيس للشؤون الاقتصادية في عهد جورج دبليو بوش. وقد خدمت شخصيا في نفس المنصب في عهد الرئيس رونالد ريجان.

وأنا أستشهد بهؤلاء المشاركين للتأكيد على مستوى دعم هذا الاقتراح من قِبَل التيار المحافِظ. ويأتي هذا الاقتراح في وقت بعد أن عارَض الجمهوريون عموما كل الجهود التي بذلتها الحكومة للحد من انبعاثات ثاني أكسيد الكربون، في حين أيد الديمقراطيون مثل هذه الخطط. ونحن نأمل أن يوفر دعم الجمهوريين لخطتنا الأساس للتوصل إلى تشريع بالتعاون بين الحزبين الجمهوري والديمقراطي.

تدعو الخطة إلى الجمع بين فرض الضرائب على كل مصادر ثاني أكسيد الكربون وخصم الإيرادات المحصلة لصالح كل الأسر على أساس نصيب الفرد. وينبئنا الخبراء بأن فرض ضريبة بنحو 40 دولارا على كل طن متري يحقق انخفاضا أكبر في انبعاثات ثاني أكسيد الكربون مقارنة بكل التنظيمات القائمة الخاصة بخفض الانبعاثات. وعلى هذا فإن خطتنا تدعو إلى تشريع يزيل كل هذه القواعد التنظيمية القائمة على التدخل بالترادف مع فرض خطة الضرائب والأرباح.

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