Obnovená naděje v obnovitelnou energii

VÍDEŇ – Před deseti lety byla obnovitelná energie pokládána za nechtěné dítě fosilních paliv, avšak nedávné založení Mezinárodní agentury pro obnovitelnou energii (IRENA) naznačuje, že vlády po celém světě berou obnovitelné zdroje vážně. Vzhledem k sílícím obavám z klimatických změn a výkyvům cen ropy a dalších fosilních paliv se tyto zdroje konečně stávají životaschopnou záležitostí.

IRENA bude sídlit v Masdar City ve Spojených arabských emirátech, v prvním uhlíkově neutrálním městě na světě, které bude do roku 2011 postaveno v poušti. Agentura si zachová také dvě stěžejní pobočky v Evropě: centrum inovací a technologií v Bonnu a kancelář ve Vídni pro strategická spojenectví s dalšími agenturami, především s Organizací spojených národů.

Podle nedávné zprávy Environmentálního programu OSN bylo v roce 2008 investováno do firem a projektů obnovitelné energie po celém světě téměř 155 miliard dolarů, nepočítaje v to rozsáhlé hydroelektrárenské projekty. V celosvětovém měřítku vytvořil sektor obnovitelné energie v uplynulých několika letech 2,3 milionu pracovních míst. Pouze v Německu generoval růst tohoto sektoru za necelých deset let 250 000 nových „zelených“ míst.

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