pakistan electricity Rizwan Tabassum/AFP/Getty Images

Непреходящий энергетический кризис в Пакистане

ИСЛАМАБАД – В течение почти десяти лет Пакистану не хватает необходимой энергии, а производители и потребители по всей стране вынуждены мириться с отключениями электроэнергии, длящимися до 12 часов в день. Первопричина этого кризиса – плохое управление. Тем не менее и власти, и структуры, оказывающие помощь, упорно не признают очевидного, а вместо этого продолжают вмешиваться дорогостоящими и в конечном счете неэффективными способами.

Опыт Пакистана – пример того, как бедным странам часто бывает трудно сформулировать и осуществить реформы, в том числе и необходимые для выхода из бедности. И действительно, продолжающийся энергетический кризис в Пакистане препятствует его экономическому развитию: по оценкам Министерства финансов, за последние девять лет дефицит энергии снижал ежегодный экономический рост на два процентных пункта.

И ситуация ухудшается. За тот же период правительство потратило более 10% ВВП, чтобы покрыть финансовые потери энергетического сектора. Это означает, что, если бы энергетический сектор Пакистана был реформирован должным образом, экономика страны могла бы расти значительно быстрее, – примерно на 4% в год, – потенциально создавая достаточное количество рабочих мест для молодого и растущего населения.

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