pakistan electricity Rizwan Tabassum/AFP/Getty Images

Pákistán a trvalá energetická krize

ISLÁMÁBÁD – Pákistánu se už téměř deset let nedostává takového množství energie, jaké potřebuje, takže se producenti a spotřebitelé po celé zemi potýkají s výpadky, které trvají až 12 hodin denně. Základní příčinou krize je špatné řízení. Úřady i dárci ovšem tvrdošíjně odmítají tento zjevný fakt uznat a místo toho dál provádějí nákladné a v konečném důsledku neúčinné zásahy.

Pákistánská zkušenost je ukázkovým příkladem toho, jak se chudé země mohou velmi často potýkat s koncipováním a zaváděním reforem, včetně reforem potřebných k vybřednutí z chudoby. Probíhající energetická krize v Pákistánu skutečně podkopává jeho hospodářský rozvoj: ministerstvo financí odhaduje, že výpadky energie snižovaly v posledních devíti letech roční hospodářský růst v průměru o dva procentní body.

A to horší teprve přijde. Vláda ve stejném období utrácela více než 10% HDP na pokrytí finančních ztrát energetického sektoru. To znamená, že kdyby pákistánský energetický sektor prošel řádnou reformou, mohla ekonomika země růst podstatně rychleji – přibližně o 4% ročně –, což by potenciálně vytvořilo dostatek pracovních míst pro mladou a stále početnější populaci.

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