mullah walking Eric Lafforgue/Art in All of Us/Getty Images

Модель экономического развития под управлением муллы

ИСЛАМАБАД – В экономике, как и вообще среди учёных, занятых социальными науками, давно ведутся дебаты о том, как лучше предоставлять международную помощь развивающимся странам. Должны ли правительства этих стран следовать указаниям доноров капитала, которые навязывают их сверху-вниз? Или же им следует уделять больше внимания финансированию решений, предлагаемых получателями помощи снизу-вверх?

Администрация Трампа предлагает сократить бюджет Госдепартамента США и снизить объёмы средств, которые различные ведомства США распределяют среди беднейшего населения мира, поэтому эти дебаты стали очень актуальны. Опыт исламских стран, получавших в последние годы основную часть средств, выделяемых США на помощь развитию, может послужить важным уроком, который позволит выявить лучший путь для движения вперёд.

В целом, нынешние подходы стран Запада не работают. Это явно можно увидеть на примере моей страны – Пакистана. Несмотря на огромный рост количества долларов, выделяемых на программы помощи в последние годы, включая миллиарды долларов, предоставленные бывшим президентом Бараком Обамой, те из нас, кто находится на местах, как правило, отрезаны от процесса их распределения. Существует около 70 различных местных бюро помощи и 40 международных НКО, которые заняты оказанием помощи пакистанцам. Однако большинство решений о том, как потратить деньги, которые они получают, принимаются за пределами страны.

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