Albany climate march Pacific Press

Kebijakan Ekonomi yang harus Diambil oleh Trump

LONDON – Saat Donald Trump memulai masa jabatan sebagai Presiden Amerika Serikat, sekelompok pebisnis terkemuka internasional, yang dipimpin oleh CEO Unilever, Paul Polman, dan Saya sendiri, akan mengambil langkah untuk membela pasar bebas, mendukung gerakan melawan perubahan iklim, dan menuntut adanya upaya besar-besaran untuk mengatasi ketimpangan global. Hal-hal tersebut adalah inti dari apa yang kami pikir merupakan strategi ekonomi yang paling cocok bagi Amerika Serikat dan negara-negara lain.

Hasil pemilu baru-baru ini, termasuk kemenangan Trump, menyoroti keluhan ekonomi yang semakin besar dari masyarakat di negara-negara maju. Dalam 20 tahun terkahir, sebelum krisis ekonomi tahun 2008, globalisasi dalam skala besar telah meningkatkan pendapatan hampir semua orang. Pendapatan kelompok masyarakat termiskin naik sekitar 40-70%, dan pendapatan kelompok masyarakat kelas menengah naik 80%. Kelompok 1% orang terkaya bahkan merasakan kenaikan pendapatan yang jauh lebih baik – sangat baik, sehingga, sekarang para elit dunia usaha merasakan bahwa mereka diserang secara besar-besaran.      

Namun, pendapatan dari kelompok masyarakat kelas menengah bawah, yang merupakan kelompok yang penting di masyarakat, hampir tidak mengalami kenaikan. Dan, sejak tahun 2008, kelompok ini justru yang paling merasakan dampak penghematan belanja negara. Tidaklah mengejutkan jika kelompok kelas menengah bawah merasa “tertinggal” oleh globalisasi dan sekarang mereka menginginkan perubahan.     

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