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Desarrollo sustentable: fácil, obvio y sin necesidad de lumbreras

BUDAPEST –  Las Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) de la Agenda 2030 de las Naciones Unidas incluyen  educación en la escuela primaria para todos los niños, puestos de trabajo para todos los adultos, y el fin del hambre y la pobreza. Estos son aspiraciones nobles – pero muy caras. ¿Podemos realmente pagar los costos de todas?

La OCDE estimó que el cumplimiento de los 17 ODS, que comprenden 169 objetivos de desarrollo específicos, costaría entre $3.3 a 4.5 millones de millones de dólares anualmente – casi la misma suma que el presupuesto federal de Estados Unidos para el año 2016, y mucho más que los casi $132 mil millones que se gastaron el año pasado en todo el mundo en ayuda al desarrollo en el extranjero.

De hecho, sólo la enseñanza primaria universal requeriría de por lo menos $17 mil millones de dólares adicionales en gastos por año, y un comité intergubernamental de la Asamblea General de la ONU estima que erradicar la pobreza representaría una inversión anual en infraestructura de $5 a 7 millones de millones de dólares a nivel mundial. En verdad, las estimaciones varían debido a que nadie sabe con certeza cuánto costará lograr los ODS.

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