Malnutrition in Liberia Carolyn Cole/Getty Images

Berbagai Wajah Malnutrisi

ABUJA – Jika Anda kebetulan sedang duduk dengan dua orang, ada kemungkinan salah satu dari Anda mengalami malnutrisi. Dan mungkin Anda tidak menyadarinya. Ya, betul sekali: satu dari tiga orang di dunia menderita malnutrisi, dan hal ini tidak selalu terlihat seperti yang Anda bayangkan.

Mulai dari dua milyar orang dewasa yang kelebihan berat badan sampai ke 159 juta anak-anak dengan pertumbuhan terhambat, terdapat berbagai bentuk malnutrisi. Sebagai dokter, Saya pernah melihat wanita yang terlihat sehat, tapi menderita anemia, karena rendahnya asupan zat besi. Dan Saya pernah melihat lelaki berbadan sehat dengan perut besar, sehingga meningkatkan resiko mereka menderita penyakit jantung. 

Afrika Barat adalah salah satu tempat dengan tingkat malnutrisi paling tinggi di dunia. Ini termasuk “wajah” kondisi malnutrisi yang paling diketahui orang: sekitar 9% dari anak-anak di bawah lima tahun di Afrika Barat menderita wasting atau mereka terlalu kurus jika dibandingkan dengan tinggi badan mereka. Pada kondisi terburuk, wasting bisa berakibat fatal. 

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