French President Emmanuel Macron delivers a speech in the Sorbonne University Ludovic Marin/Getty Images

欧洲的马克龙挑战

巴黎—本周,法国总统马克龙在索尔伯恩(Sorbonne)发表了一次宏大的空想演讲。他在演讲中提出了一个抵御欧洲仇外民族主义风潮的计划。他想构建一个“主权、联合、民主的欧洲”,让公民再次对欧洲概念本身产生效忠感。

马克龙的演讲对于正面临众多危机和威胁的欧盟来说是一次值得欢迎的战斗号角。但在如何解决欧元区的至关重要而充满争议的问题上,他的方案令人失望。而他想要赢得更加谨慎的欧洲同僚也绝非易事,比如,德国总理默克尔的施展空间就因为她的政党在上周末的联邦选举中表现拙劣而大受限制。

尽管如此,马克龙仍然提出了一个强大、积极的新欧洲愿景。这个欧盟支持全球化和创新,也将保护欧洲人,加强帮助他们适应变化的世界。它将推动欧洲利益和价值观,否则世界就将由美国和中国主导。它将在俄罗斯复仇主义日益兴盛、伊斯兰恐怖主义和美国在特朗普总统的领导下日益龟缩的背景下支撑安全。

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