Загадка инноваций

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Во всем мире властвует огромная заинтересованность в таком виде технологических инноваций, чьих символом стала Силиконовая долина. С этой точки зрения, изобретательность Америки показывает свои истинные сравнительные преимущества, которым другие стремятся подражать. Но вот головоломка: почему так трудно обнаружить преимущества этих инноваций в статистике ВВП?

То, что происходит сегодня аналогично разработкам нескольких десятилетий назад, в начале эры персональных компьютеров. В 1987 году экономист Роберт Солоу - награжденный Нобелевской премией за свою новаторскую работу в области экономического роста - жаловался, что «мы видим компьютерный век везде, кроме статистики производительности». Есть несколько возможных объяснений.

Возможно, ВВП на самом деле не охватывает улучшения уровня жизни, которые обеспечиваются инновациями компьютерного века. Или, возможно, эти новшества все таки менее значительны, чем считают их сторонники. Как выясняется, есть доля правды в обеих точках зрения.

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