Bridge in urban setting

Des infrastructures pour un avenir durable

WASHINGTON, DC – Les infrastructures constituent un puissant moteur de croissance économique et de développement inclusif, dans la mesure où elles dynamisent d'emblée la demande globale, tout en posant les bases d'une croissance future. Elles représentent également une composante clé dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques. Lorsqu'elles sont gérées maladroitement, les infrastructures constituent elles-mêmes une importante partie du problème ; lorsqu'elles le sont de manière appropriée, elle deviennent partie intégrante de la solution.

Au cours des 15 prochaines années, plus de 90 000 milliards $ d'investissements dans les infrastructures seront nécessaires à travers le monde. Ceci représente plus de deux fois la valeur de l'ensemble des infrastructures aujourd'hui existantes, et nécessite que l'investissement total annuel soit multiplié par plus de deux, en passant de 2 500-3 000 milliards à plus de 6 000 milliards. Environ 75 % de cet investissement devra être réalisé dans les pays en voie de développement, et notamment dans les pays à revenu intermédiaire, en raison de leurs besoins de croissance, de leur urbanisation rapide, et de retards d'ores et déjà considérables en matière d'infrastructures.

Le comblement de cet écart infrastructurel sera certainement difficile. Mais il y a là une formidable opportunité de poser les fondations d'un avenir plus durable.

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