为人类而黑客

美国剑桥—“生活,”奥斯卡·王尔德(Oscar Wilde)有句名言,“模仿艺术远多于艺术模仿生活。”在索尼影业(Sony Pictures)电影《采访》的例子中,世界面临着更深一步的迭代:生活模仿模仿生活的艺术。本片的发行激起了国际阴谋、戏剧和影子地缘政治力量的明争暗斗。它甚至惊动美国总统放出重话——而所有这些都源于一次简单的黑客行为。

入侵信息系统不是什么新鲜事,从通讯业出现的那一天起,黑客便已应运而生。最早的袭击之一发生在1903年马可尼展示其无线电传输时。当时,他要实现康沃尔(Cornwall)和300英里外的伦敦之间的通讯。一位名叫内维尔·马斯基林(Nevil Maskelyne)的魔术师和未来无线电大亨因为不满于马可尼的专利,设法控制了他的系统,向此次通讯的皇家学院听众们播送了淫秽内容,令他们大为震惊。

尽管黑客行为与无线通讯一样古老,但此马可尼的时代以来,发生了巨大的变化。如今,信息网络遍布整个地球,连接和传输数量巨大的实时数据。它们让许多我们所熟悉的行为成为可能:即时通讯、社交媒体、金融交易和物流管理等。最重要的是,信息不在局限于虚拟领域,而是渗透到我们的生活环境的每一个角落。物理、生物和数字世界已开始趋同——掀起了科学家称之为“网络-物理系统”(cyber-physical systems)的时代。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/FS3huf5/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.