Megaproject VirginiaDoT/Flickr

Эпоха мегапроектов

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ – Кажется, мы, вступаем в новую эру мегапроектов, когда страны, в частности участники G-20, мобилизуют частный сектор массированно инвестировать доллары в мультимиллионные (если не многомиллиардные или же триллионные) инфраструктурные инициативы, такие как трубопроводы, дамбы, воду, электроэнергетические системы и дорожные сети.

Уже, затраты на мегапроекты составляют около $6-9 трлн в год, примерно 8% мирового ВВП, что делает это “самым большим инвестиционным бумом в истории человечества”. И геополитика, стремление к экономическому росту, поиск новых рынков и поиск природных ресурсов, ведет к большему субсидированию крупных инфраструктурных проектов. На пороге этого потенциально беспрецедентного бума таких проектов, мировые лидеры и кредиторы похоже не уделяют внимание дорогостоящим урокам прошлого.

Несомненно, инвестиции в инфраструктуру могут служить реальным потребностям, помогая удовлетворить предполагаемый рост спроса на продукты питания, воду и энергию. Но, если этот бум в мегапроекты внимательно не направлять и не управлять, все усилия, вероятно, будут контрпродуктивными и неприемлемыми. Без демократичного контроля, инвесторы могут присвоить прибыль и социализировать потери, но в то же время, оставаясь с нерешенными углеродоемкими и другими экологическими и социально разрушительными подходами.

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