Trump and fake news Nur Photo/Getty Images

Протоколы Дональда Трампа

ЛОНДОН – Это странная причуда в истории логики, что ни в чем не повинные Критяне должны были дать свое имя знаменитому “парадоксу лжеца”. Предполагается, что критский Эпименид сказал: “Все критяне – лжецы”. Если Эпименид лгал, он говорил правду – и, таким образом, лгал.

Нечто подобное можно сказать о Президенте США Дональде Трампе: даже когда он говорит правду, многие полагают, что он лжет – и, таким образом, он верен себе. Его троллинг общеизвестен. На протяжении многих лет он утверждал, без каких-либо доказательств, за исключением неназванных источников, которые он называл “крайне надежными”, что свидетельство о рождении Барака Обамы было поддельным. Во время Республиканских праймериз он увязал отца своего оппонента сенатора Теда Круса с убийством Джона Ф. Кеннеди. Он продвинул шарлатанскую идею о том, что вакцины вызывают аутизм, и мастерски развернул suggestio falsi – например, его инсинуация о том, что изменение климата является китайской мистификацией, призванной подорвать американскую экономику.

Процветающий рынок для фейковой информации, фальшивок, мистификаций и теорий заговора всегда существовал. “История – это квинтэссенция сплетен”, – писал Томас Карлайл в девятнадцатом веке. Продавцы фейков производят информацию ради денег или политической прибыли; среди доверчивых, похотливых или мстительных всегда найдутся жаждущие покупатели. Сплетни всегда занимательны.

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