Fish in a bucket.

Mettre fin à la pêche illicite

LONDRES – Les produits de la mer sont de loin les denrées faisant l’objet du plus grand commerce mondial, nourrissant des milliards de personnes dans le monde entier. Malheureusement, ce secteur est grevé par des activités de pêches illicites, non déclarées et non réglementées qui sapent les efforts de conservation et désavantagent les pêcheurs et les entreprises honnêtes qui respectent les règles. Il est grand temps de s’attaquer au problème.

La pêche illicite compte pour un cinquième des prises sur les mers de la planète. Même s’il y a eu des signes encourageants voulant que des réformes soient mises en vigueur dans les grandes exploitations de pêche de certains pays, le problème demeure endémique, décourageant les autres de suivre l’exemple et empêchant la réforme de petites pêcheries qui nourrissent des millions de familles et assure un gagne-pain à beaucoup d’autres.

Des règles existent, elles doivent seulement être plus claires et mieux définies, tout en étant mises en vigueur à travers les frontières. Sinon, des exploitants sans scrupules continueront de tirer profit des failles de la réglementation et des contrôles avec des conséquences majeures pour ceux qui dépendent des pêcheries côtières pour leur alimentation et leur gagne-pain.

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