Jaha Dukureh, a survivor of female genital mutilation and founder of Safe Hands for Girls Tom Williams/Getty Images

赋权女孩

华盛顿—在生命彩票中,生在穷国的女性需要面对双重劣势。贫穷国家的妇女,贫困发生率比任何人口群体都要高,健康状况也最糟糕,教育普及程度也最低,遭受暴力的危险也最大。

性别不平等——通过职场排斥和低薪酬——给给世界造成的损失高达GDP的15.5%。阻挠妇女获得发展潜力的机会意味着社会放弃了她们的贡献。但令人沮丧的现实是,解决性别不平等问题的有效方案可能很难找到。

妇女失权规模之巨的最极端例子是有3,000万女孩在未来十年面临接受割礼的危险。割礼在索马里、几内亚、吉布提、埃及、厄立特里亚、马里、塞拉利昂和苏丹几乎是所有女性都无法避免的。世界卫生组织警告,受影响妇女将因此发生长期健康问题,分娩死亡率也更高。

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