Paul Lachine

Заблуждения о высшем образовании

КЕМБРИДЖ – После того как экономисты продемонстрировали, насколько университеты способствуют экономическому росту, политики обратили свое пристальное внимание на высшее образование. При этом, однако, они зачастую неправильно представляют роль университетов, таким образом подрывая собственные политики.

Например, президент США Барак Обама неоднократно подчеркивал необходимость увеличения доли молодых американцев, получающих степень бакалавра. Это, несомненно, достойная цель, которая может способствовать национальному процветанию и помочь молодым людям осуществить «американскую мечту». Тем не менее, экономисты, которые изучали связь между образованием и экономическим ростом, подтверждают то, что подсказывает здравый смысл: количество бакалавров не так важно, как то, насколько хорошо студенты развивают когнитивные навыки, такие как критическое мышление и способность решать проблемы.

Неспособность признать этот факт может иметь серьезные последствия. По мере того как страны продвигают массовое высшее образование, стоимость содержания университетов резко возрастает по отношению к элитной системе. Учитывая, что у правительства существует много других программ по поддержке – а люди отказываются платить более высокие налоги – найти деньги для такой инициативы становится все сложнее. Таким образом, университеты должны стараться обеспечить качественным образованием большее количество студентов, при этом затрачивая как можно меньше средств.

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