Paul Lachine

高等教育的误区

坎布里奇——自从经济学家揭示了大学对经济增长的贡献之后,政治家们就开始密切关注高等教育。但他们这么做却往往误解了高校的作用,从而削弱了政策的效力。

比方说,美国总统奥巴马就曾多次强调必须提升拥有大学学位的美国年轻人的百分比。这一目标无疑很有价值,可以在推动国家繁荣的同时帮助年轻人实现美国梦。但研究教育及经济增长关系的经济学家确认了一种常识性的看法:即大学本科学历远不如培养学生的认知能力、如批判性思维和解决问题的能力那么重要。

认识不到这一点可能带来严重的后果。高等教育在各国实现大众化的同时,维持大学正常运转的成本相比精英体系大幅提高。由于政府要支持很多其他计划——同时民众抵制更高的税收——筹集资金来支付大学教育经费的难度越来越大。因此高校必须在为更多学生提供高质量教育服务的同时尽可能节省费用。

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